1910 Census Occupations

Source Document: 1910 Census – Chapter 4

Altoona at the time had a population of 20,865 males over age 10, and 20,730 females over age 10.

17,094 of the males were employed outside the home, and 4,084 of the females.

Agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry (negligible in Altoona) 

Dairy farmers
Dairy farm laborers
Farm laborers
Farm, dairy farm, garden, orchard, etc. foremen
Fishermen and oystermen
Gardeners, florists, fruit growers and nurserymen
Garden, greenhouse, orchard and nursery laborers
Lumbermen, raftsmen and woodchoppers
Owners and managers of log and timber camps
Stock herders, drovers and feeders
Stock raisers
Other agricultural and animal husbandry pursuits

Extraction of minerals (negligible in Altoona)

Foremen, overseers and inspectors
Operators, officials and managers
Coal mine operatives
Copper mine operatives
Gold and silver mine operatives
Iron mine operatives
Operatives in other and not specified mines
Quarry operatives
Oil, gas and salt well operatives

Manufacturing and mechanical industries (45% of employed men, 28% of employed women)

Blacksmiths, forgemen and hammermen
Brick and stone masons
Builders and building contractors
Butchers and dressers (slaughterhouse)
Compositors, linotypers and typesetters
Dressmakers and seamstresses (not in factory)
Electricians and electrical engineers
Electrotypers, stereotypers, and lithographers
Engineers (mechanical)
Engineers (stationary)
Fliers, grinders, buffers and polishers (metal)
Firemen (except locomotive and fire department)
Foremen and overseers (manufacturing)
Furnacement, smeltermen, heaters, pourers, etc.
Glass blowers
Jewelers, watchmakers, goldsmiths and silversmiths

Laborers (n.o.s.)

  • Building and hand trades
  • Chemical industries
  • Clay, glass and stone industries
  • Iron and steel industries
  • Lumber and furniture industries
  • Textile industries
  • Other industries

Loom fixers
Machinists, millwrights and tool makers
Managers and superintendents (manufacturing)
Manufacturers and officials
Mechanics (n.o.s.)
Millers (grain, flour, feed, etc.)
Milliners and millinery dealers
Molders, founders and casters (metal)
Oilers of machinery
Painters, glaziers, varnishers, enamellers, etc.
Paper hangers
Pattern and model makers
Plumbers and gas and steam fitters
Pressmen (printing)
Rollers and roll hands (metal)
Roofers and slaters

Semiskilled operatives (n.o.s.)

  • Chemical industries
  • Cigar and tobacco factories
  • Clay, glass and stone industries
  • Clothing industries
  • Food industries
  • Harness and saddle industries
  • Iron and steel industries
  • Other metal industries
  • Liquor and beverage industries
  • Lumber and furniture industries
  • Paper and pulp mills
  • Printing and publishing
  • Shoe factories
  • Tanneries
  • Textile industries – Beamers, warpers and slashers; Bobbin boys, doffers and carriers; Carders, combers and lappers; drawers, rovers and twisters; Spinners; Weavers; Winders, reelers and spoolers; Other occupations
  • Other industries

Sewers and sewing machine operators (factory)
Shoemakers and cobblers (not in factory)
Skilled occupations (n.o.s.)
Structural iron workers (building)
Tailors and tailoresses
Tinsmiths and coppersmiths

Transportation (27% of employed men, 2.4% of employed women)

Water transportation (selected occupations)

  • Boatmen, canalmen and lockkeepers
  • Captains, masters, mates and pilots
  • Longshoremen and stevedores
  • Sailors and deckhands

Road and street transportation (selected occupations)

  • Carriage and hack drivers
  • Chauffers
  • Draymen, teamsters and expressmen
  • Foremen of livery and transfer companies
  • Garage keepers and managers
  • Hostlers and stable hands
  • Livery-stable keepers and managers
  • Proprietors and managers of transfer companies

Railroad transportation (selected occupations)

  • Baggagemen and freight agents
  • Boiler washers and engine hostlers
  • Brakemen
  • Conductors (steam railroad)
  • Conductors (street railroad)
  • Foremen and overseers
  • Laborers
  • Locomotive engineers
  • Locomotive firemen
  • Motormen
  • Officials and superintendents
  • Switchmen, flagmen and yardmen
  • Ticket and station agents

Express, post, telegraph and telephone (selected occupations)

  • Agents (express companies)
  • Express messengers and railway mail clerks
  • Mail carriers
  • Telegraph and telephone linemen
  • Telegraph messengers
  • Telegraph operators
  • Telephone operators

Other transportation pursuits

  • Foremen and overseers (n.o.s.)
  • Inspectors
  • Laborer (n.o.s.)
  • Proprietors, officials and mangers (n.o.s.)
  • Other occupations (semiskilled)

Trade (12% of employed men, 15% of employed women)

Bankers, brokers and moneylenders
Clerks in stores
Commercial travelers
Decorators, drapers and window dressers
Floorwalkers, foremen and overseers
Inspectors, gaugers and samplers
Insurance agents and officials
Laborers in coal and lumber yards, warehouses, etc.
Laborers, porters and helpers in stores
Proprietors, officials and managers (n.o.s.)
Real estate agents and officials
Retail dealers
Salesmen and saleswomen
Wholesale dealers, importers and exporters
Other pursuits (semiskilled)

Public Service (not elsewhere classified) (2.7% of employed men, negligible for women)

Firemen (fire department)
Guards, watchmen and doorkeepers
Laborers (public service)
Marshals, sheriffs, detectives, etc.
Officials and inspectors (city and county)
Officials and inspectors (state and United States)
Soldiers, sailors and marines
Other pursuits

Professional service (3% of employed men, 9.7 % of employed women)

Artists, sculptors and teachers of art
Authors, editors and reporters
Chemists, assayers and metallurgists
Civil and mining engineers and surveyors
College presidents and professors
Designers, draftsmen and inventors
Lawyers, judges and justices
Musicians and teachers of music
Physicians and surgeons
Trained nurses
Veterinary surgeons
Other professional pursuits
Semiprofessional pursuits
Attendants and helpers (professional service)

Domestic and personal service (3.8% of employed men, 36% of employed women)

Barbers, hairdressers and manicurists
Billiard room, dance hall, skating rink, etc. keepers
Boarding and lodging house keepers
Charwomen and cleaners
Elevator tenders
Hotel keepers and managers
Housekeepers and stewards
Janitors and sextons
Laborers (domestic and personal service)
Launderers and laundresses (not in laundry)
Laundry operatives
Laundery owners, officials and managers
Midwives and nurses (not trained)
Porters (except in stores)
Restaurant, café and lunchroom keepers
Saloon keepers
Other pursuits

Clerical occupations (7.4% of employed men, 9% of employed women)

Agents, canvassers and collectors
Bookkeepers, cashiers and accountants
Clerks (except clerks in stores)
Messenger, bundle and office boys
Stenographers and typewriters


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